Why and How You Need to Address Your Pet’s Health for Travel

Lady on vacation with her catAre you planning to travel with your pet? Do you want to make sure that you have everything packed and ready? Before the trip, you carefully monitor your health and your children’s health, but don’t forget about your pet’s health! Traveling, indeed, is such a fun and exciting thing to do; however, it does involve many preparations and things to be taken care of. This whole process becomes more challenging when you have a pet as a travel companion.  Traveling is stressful for animals, and healthy pets can handle the stress better than unhealthy ones. That is why you should address your pet’s health for travel.

Aside from all the essential must-haves, you should also not forget about the health of your pets. Health issues can be  vital and require immediate attention which can be hard to get when traveling. As an example, you should not travel knowing your dog has an ear infection.

Here are some steps that you should take to address your pet’s health before traveling.

Visit your vet’s office
Vet Visit for your pet's health for travelThere are many things you want to make sure are set before you get on the road with your pet. Visiting the vet’s office is the first and most important step to take. Before you travel you must know that your pet’s health is good and your pet will be able to handle the stress of travel. In order to know whether or not your pet is healthy enough to travel, make sure to have your vet administer many of the fundamental tests and treatments required for pets. Here is a sample:

  • Microchips
  • Rabies and other healthy pet vaccinations
  • Blood tests (required for entering some countries)
  • Check for parasites (fleas, ticks and worms)

Essential documents, such as health certificates, are must-haves when traveling internationally and also require a trip to your veterinarian. Also, it is a good opportunity for you to stock up on any medications that your dog or cat is currently taking.

Microchip implantation
Microchip for Pet Health and TravelImplanting microchips is a must! Not only are microchips required to enter most countries, they are essential for pet identification. Should you be separated from your pet, neither you nor your pet have any understanding of the roads, the neighborhoods or the local animal enforcement, and this will limit the possibility of finding each other. Dogs and cats can be very high strung in a new environment, hence, the probability of losing your pet is pretty high, and you cannot be very attentive to them 24/7. For instance, if your pet is a dog it might follow some animal or even bolt out the door when opened and get lost. Situations can be different; the best way is to be sure that, no matter what, you will be able to find your furry friend. Make sure to register the microchip with your current contact information. Once everything is set, you can be sure that you will be safe during the trip with your pet.

First of all, even without traveling, pets must get their vaccinations. Proof of current rabies vaccination is essential for dogs and cats entering any country worldwide and a part of addressing your pet’s health for travel. As to other vaccinations like distemper, parvo virus and kennel cough, you need to talk to your pet’s veterinarian in order to discuss how long you will be absent and whether or not you should have these vaccinations administered before traveling if your destination country does not require them. Vaccinations are essential for the health and protection of your pet, especially when they may be exposed to diseases that are not active their home country.

Blood tests
Secondly, the blood tests are vital for knowing everything is good with your pet’s health and they are healthy enough to travel. Some countries will require Fluorescent Antibody Virus Neutralization (FAVN) blood tests to measure the level of rabies antibodies in your pet’s blood before allowing pets to enter the country. In many cases, this test must be done as much as 3 months in advance and, to enter Australia, 6 months in advance!

Check for Parasites

Ticks are not part of healthy pet travel.There are two types of common parasites: internal and external. Some internal parasites that can affect your pet’s health are hookworms, roundworms, tapeworms, whipworms and Giardia. All kinds of worms may affect your dog in their own way and some of them can be passed to humans. Dogs infected by worms might have symptoms like weight loss, vomiting and more. There might even be cases when you do not recognize any obvious symptoms. That is why it is best to have your veterinarian take a test and make sure it should not be treated for these parasites.

External parasites include fleas, which are bloodsucking bugs. The existence of these bugs results in itching, biting, scratching and even hair loss. Other types of external parasites are ticks, which are arachnids and also bloodsucking. The dangerous thing about this is that they can be carriers of serious diseases.  Thus, it would be best to treat your dog against such things as fleas and ticks with either natural methods or products such as Advantage, Frontline. NexGard before travel.

Time to Diet?
Obese cat is not healthy for pet travelAn overweight pet is not a healthy pet. Not only does excess weight affect a pet’s mobility, it can also affect lead to diabetes, osteoarthritis and even your pet’s breathing. And the effects of obesity can also affect your pet emotionally. If you are planning to travel, and your pet’s weight is not what it should be, then plan to cut back on food intake slowly and supplement with vegetables like green beans and small bits of carrots. You can discuss a dietary plan with your veterinarian. Consider an exercise routine. In the end, your pet will be more prepared to weather the stress of traveling after losing those excess pounds.

A Trip to the Groomer
Trip to the groomer for pet healthA clean pet is a better traveler. If you take your pet to the groomer, schedule a visit before traveling. Get them a bath, haircut and get their nails clipped. If you do not have a groomer, get out in the backyard, shower or bathtub with your pet shampoo and brush and have fun. Look out for any ticks or fleas or wounds that your pet may have and get them attended to.

Have all the essential backups
It is very important for you to do your research and be sure that nothing will affect the health of your pet during the trip. No matter all the preparations you do, there are very many external factors that can affect your pet’s health. Obviously, you want to escape from things like that, which is why there are a few things you should do.

Dog drinking waterIt is very common that pets get sick because of the water they drink. Let’s face it. They have been used to drinking one type of water, and now suddenly you give them something else. This can result in health issues. This is a very common issue that pet owners face while travelling which is why you should be careful for your pet not to suffer for pain during the trip. You can take water from home with you so as not to face digestive issues like this. The water can be tap water or bottled water, whichever you prefer. 

It is also a good idea to bring an ample supply of your pet’s food with you. You will not have to shop for their food when you get to your destination, and it will also prevent the introduction of a new food which can also cause digestive upset. This is especially important if your pet is on a special diet. If you are traveling internationally, be sure your destination country will permit the import of dog or cat food. It will need to be sealed in the original packaging at a minimum and, with many countries, it depends on the ingredients.

The rest of the things that you can do highly depends on the country you are planning to visit. You can find pet import regulations for over 200 countries here.

Final Thoughts
dog in carTraveling itself can be fun, but it becomes even more enjoyable when you have such wonderful travel companions as pets you own. Once you decide to take them on a trip with you, you start realizing the problems you might face. Dealing with veterinary paperwork is very essential, hence, pet health is the most important thing to deal with before you travel. You want to make sure that nothing goes wrong during your vacation, as your greatest focus should be to relax and not worry about anything and prepare for everything.

Besides all the above-mentioned steps needed to take before you leave on a trip, part of addressing your pet’s health for travel is to take a health certificate with you just in case if something goes wrong and you need to visit the vet. Also, make sure that you do your research and find the closest veterinarian offices available in the country you are planning to visit in case of an emergency.

If you follow all the above-mentioned steps, you should be able to enjoy your trip. If there are any doubts connected with your pet’s health it would be better to leave them with a trusted friend or family member. Otherwise, if your pet turns out to be fully healthy, then you will be able to enjoy a very exciting trip with your travel companion!

Contributing to this article is Maria Harutyunian, the PR team lead at Vet Organics. She writes about dogs and pets in general to help pet owners like her take better care furry family members.

Dog Friendly Beaches in Northumberland United Kingdom

Northumberland is a truly spectacular place. Found in the northeast corner of the UK, the county is famous for historical monuments and castles, miles of stunning beaches, many of them dog-friendly, and a majestic and unspoilt National Park. Northumberland is a fantastic place for a wide range of holidays, none more so than one with your dog.

With miles of walking routes, plenty of dog friendly accommodation and a fantastic range of things to do, the county is the perfect destination to visit with your pet pooch. Along with Cottages in Northumberland, a leading provider of holiday cottages, including dog-friendly cottages, across Northumberland, we’re going to take a look at some of the best dog-friendly beaches in Northumberland that you can explore.

Dog Friendly Alnmouth Beach

Copyright Jim Barton and licensed for reuse by Creative Commons License

Alnmouth Beach

Siting at the mouth of the River Aln, Alnmouth beach is a wide sandy bay perfect for your dog to stretch their legs. With the village of Alnmouth backing right onto the beach, there are plenty of things to do when you finished your beach walkies. Head to the part of the beach that is south of the estuary as it is generally a bit quieter, offering you even more space.


Pet Friendly Bamburgh Castle

Photo courtesy of BamburghCastle.com

Bamburgh Castle

The beach in front of Bamburgh Castle, an ancient Norman stronghold, is arguably one of the most picturesque in the UK. The castle overlooks a magnificent sandy beach backed by sand dunes, offering the perfect wide-open space and dog-friendly beach for your four-legged friend to enjoy. The beach is also a great surfing spot if you fancy riding the waves.

Dog Friendly Fishermans Haven

Copyright Cathietinn and licensed for reuse by Creative Commons License

Fisherman’s Haven

This sandy beach has built its reputation as one of the cleanest beaches in the area, making it perfect for a safe and enjoyable walk with your pet pooch. There are a choice of paths leading down to the beach through the rocks and grassy cliffs. In fact, the beach is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, highlighting just how wonderful it truly is. Keep an eye out for the local wildlife, just make sure your dog doesn’t chase them!


Dog Friendly Newton Haven

Copyright N Chadwick and licensed for reuse by Creative Commons License

Newton Haven Beach

Just nine miles from Alnwick you will find Newton Haven Beach, a vast beach made up of sandy areas and rocky areas, giving a nice balance of landscapes. A relatively sheltered bay makes it perfect for long dog walks, while there is also an abundance of wildlife in the area as well. You and your pooch certainly won’t be bored of the great range of coastal walks in this area.


These beaches are just a handful of the many fantastic dog-friendly beaches that can be found all along Northumberland’s incredible coastline. If you fancy a trip away with your dog, Northumberland is the perfect place to go!

To travel to Northumberland from within the United Kingdom, the closest airport is Newcastle or you can take a dog-friendly train. Dogs entering the United Kingdom from other EU Member States or other countries must do so at London Heathrow or Gatwick and take a domestic flight to Newcastle.

You can find requirements to bring your dog to the United Kingdom here.


Can I Rescue a Street Dog or Cat and Bring It Home?

Rescue Dog
Photo Credit: change.org

It happens so often. You are traveling on vacation in a foreign country, walking down the street or sitting at a cafe and you spy the beautiful face of a dog or cat looking scared and hungry. It can be an abandoned kitten or a dog that somehow manages to stay alive while living on the street. You cannot help wanting to rescue it, change its life, take it home and love and care for it. But think to yourself, is it really wise to rescue a street dog or cat while on vacation and bring it home?

No one can blame you for how you feel, but one important thing to know is how easy or hard it will be to bring this soul who has stolen your heart home safely and within current laws on pet import to avoid quarantine or refusal at customs and what you should do to prepare them for export.

Health and import regulations for importing a live animal

All countries worldwide base their pet import regulations based on diseases that can be contagious to other animals or humans, particularly rabies. Rabies is a brutal disease that kills nearly 60,000 people a year from bites from dogs, cats, raccoons, foxes, ferrets and other warm-blooded mammals that can carry the rabies virus.

Rabies is not the only concern that countries have when dealing with the import of dogs and cats whose health care history is unknown. Other diseases such as leishmaniasis, ehrlichiosis, and heartworm are issues that animals who live on the streets can be infected with.

Here are some questions to ask yourself before rescuing a dog or cat in a foreign country.

What country are you visiting?

Let’s first consider the country that you are visiting. Many of the most beautiful vacation destinations in the world are classified by the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE) as high-rabies countries as they don’t have structured programs in place to control rabies. Some examples of high-rabies countries are Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, India, Indonesia and China.  Depending on your home country, it could take 4 months or more and multiple veterinary visits before bringing your rescued dog or cat home. Click here for countries considered to be high-rabies.

Oftentimes, regulations are less stringent when importing a dog or cat from a rabies-free or rabies-controlled country.

Where is your home?

If you don’t own a pet already, you may not be aware of the requirements that will be imposed on your rescue pet when entering your country.

Here are some examples of pet import regulations when importing a dog or cat from a high-rabies country:

Home Country: European Union Member State

Pet Import Regulations from high-rabies country: microchip, proof of rabies vaccination, 30 day wait after vaccination, rabies titer test (FAVN), 3 calendar month wait before travel, EU health certificate

Pet Import Regulations from other countries: microchip, rabies vaccination, 21 day wait, health certificate or EU Pet Passport

Home Country: United States

Pet Import Regulations (all countries): proof of rabies vaccination administered no sooner than 30 days before travel, health certificate, screwworm inspection (when entering from some countries)

Home Country: Canada

Pet Import Regulations (all countries): proof of current rabies vaccination (no wait after vaccination), health certificate. If imported unaccompanied, microchip, health certificate and import permit

Home Country: South Africa

Pet Import Regulations (all countries): microchip, proof of rabies vaccination (minimum 30 days in advance), blood tests (dogs), import permit, 14 days of quarantine (dogs)

Home Country: Australia

Pet Regulations (all countries): microchip, rabies vaccination, rabies titer test (FAVN) 180 days before import, import permit, blood tests, parasite treatments, health certificate. Pets can be imported directly from approved countries otherwise pets must be moved to an approved country about 6 weeks before import.

No matter what country you are bringing your rescue home to, we would urge you to research current and detailed pet import regulations by clicking here.

You must be able to allot the time involved to meet your home country requirements for pet import. If you cannot do that, then you need to make arrangements for their care and veterinary visits until either you can come back to get them or fly them as unaccompanied air cargo to you. This will take coordination with veterinarians and someone to check your dog or cat in at your airline’s cargo facility.

Is your airline pet friendly?

Another consideration are the airline pet policies you are using to return home. Many airlines do not accept pets for transport such as Ryan Air, Jet Airways and AirAsia. Many other airlines will only transport pets as air cargo through the services of an agent like British Airways and SAS. If your ticket is booked on an airline that does not accept pets, then your pet will need to fly as unaccompanied air cargo which is more expensive than it  would be if you fly with your rescue.

It all sounds daunting, right? Well, actually, it can be. Sometimes, as heat breaking as it is, it is better to try and find an abandoned animal care and adoption organization in the country you are visiting instead of bringing it home. There are rescue organizations in so many countries that may be able to help. Oftentimes pet stores, veterinarians, government agencies responsible for animal control or animal hospitals are aware of rescue organizations in the country you are visiting.

If you rescue a street dog or cat, can you provide for their needs when you get home?

Consider that older dogs that have lived on the street may have issues with confinement, anxiety, shyness and socialization. You should be prepared to deal with these issues. There will also be a huge cultural adaptation for a rescue pet. New environments can bring insecurity issues that will require close monitoring.

Rescuing a puppy or kitten may be easier in that they are still in the learning stage. They have not had as much time to bond with their environment and experience life challenges as an adult dog has. Changing their environment will not be as traumatic for them.

Before falling in love with an abandoned puppy or kitten, consider how difficult (or easy) it would be to rescue a street dog or cat and take it home with you. We would all agree that saving a life is worth every minute and every dollar spent. Dogs and cats (as well as all animals that can be domesticated) deserve a chance to live in a safe and loving environment, and there are a lot of volunteers and organizations who strive towards that goal. You are simply taking part in that effort.

Dog Friendly Beaches in the Canary Islands

Pet Friendly Beaches Canary IslandsBringing your dog to the Canary Islands for a short or long vacation is a good decision as the Canarian government opens more of its island’s doors to our furry friends. The Islands display a warm welcome for dogs enjoying their vacation with their family. A lot of pet friendly hotels on the islands are also willing to accommodate visitors who have pets with them. You could also find some few inns that provide welcome kits for your pet.

Just do not forget to comply with the pet rules that already exist on the islands, especially on their dog friendly beaches. Most public places require that some dog breeds be leashed and/or muzzled, proper pet waste management, and don’t forget to bring their vaccination record and ID card. There appears to be also veterinary clinics available on the islands in case vet help is needed.

The popular dog friendly beaches along the Canarian coast are known to pet lovers because you can bring them for a walk or have fun swimming with them. Some beaches also allow dogs to run free.

Dog Friendly Beaches in the Canary Islands

Pet Friendly Beaches in the Canary IslandsLos Guirres Beach
Situated in Tazacorte, a few kilometers to the north of the Puerto Naos. Half of the northern stony dark sand beach is dedicated for animals. One of the best beach to visit with dogs and on the top of the list of things to do in La Palma.

Playa del Puertito
Situated to the side of the Club Náutico Puertito de Güímar in 2013, Playa del Puertito is the first dog friendly beach in Tenerife and second in the Canary Islands. The southern corner of the dark sand beach is the area that is dedicated for dogs.

El Cabezo Beach
El Médano is located in the municipality of San Miguel de Abona, Tenerife. It is situated in the northern town of Punta de la Jarquita. Alternating big rocks and dark sand make this a fun beach to explore. It is very close to El Medano.

El Confital Beach
Situated at the south end of the La Tejita Beach, in the municipality of San Miguel de Abona, Tenerife, El Confital Beach is a small, sandy spot of about 150 meters of length exclusively for tourists visiting with their dogs. The beach has adopted services like waste repository.

Boca Barranco Beach
The beach of Boca Barranco in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is the first beach for dogs in all of the Canary Islands. This dark sand beach is at the end of a small narrow steep-sided valley.

Tres Peos Beach
The Tres Peos beach situated in the municipality of Aguimes, Gran Canaria. It is situated near the southern corner of the Vargas Beach and considered a windsurf sanctuary around the world.

Beach of Los Cuervitos
The beach is also in the municipality of Agüímes, Gran Canaria. There is a small rocky cove in the south of Tres Peos beach where dogs can play.

Las Coloradas Beach
Las Coloradas Beach (El Afre) in Yaiza, Lanzarote. A “half dog friendly” beach where there there are certain periods the dogs are allowed on the beach. This is an alternating rock and sand beach in the middle of the urban area of Playa Blanca.

Playa de Las Teresitas
This beach is situated in the north of Tenerife and will be joining the list of Canary island dog friendly beaches. Situated in a small village of San Andres, this fine white sand beach has a splendid view of the Anaga Mountains along its shoreline. The waves here are calm due to the breakwaters built parallel to its shoreline. This is an ideal beach for families with both young and old children. Family members can enjoy water sports activities like paddle boarding and kayaking.

There is an area dedicated for dogs toward the end of the beach, either the shore end or by the boat side. However, the Municipality of Sta. Cruz forbids dogs to run free amongst the people present at the beach, so you should consider leashing your dog.

Pet Friendly Beaches in the Canary IslandsWhenever you’re planning to travel with your pet to the Canary Islands, always take into consideration a few things before leaving home. Make sure that you research and book pet friendly accommodations where dogs are allowed. There seem to be many top-class hotels or villas that are pet friendly in the Island, and some of them offer small welcome kits with all the basics for your vacation. Remember to get your pet microchipped, bring your pet’s passport, health certificate from your vet, vaccination record and ID card, and other travel documents that may be needed upon entry of the islands.

You can learn more about importing your pet to the Canary Islands here.

Katarina Vancroft is a travel and destination blogger and content contributing editor.

Five Pet Friendly Beaches in Vietnam to Enjoy with Your Dog

The beaches in Vietnam are so beautiful, and they’ve long been hidden under a shroud of secrecy. Luckily, this is no longer the case, and the breathtaking coastline is waiting to be discovered.

If you are planning to travel with your dog to Vietnam, then you need to check out these pet friendly, white, sandy beaches and crystal clear waters. With the tropical climate and all that space for running, you and your dog will have a great time.

Here are five Vietnam beaches where dogs are welcome so that you don’t miss any of these beautiful places. If you decide one of these beaches is for you, be aware that all of them come with specific regulations which must be respected. After all, you don’t want to end up paying a fine on your vacation.

Pet Friendly Nha Trang BeachNha Trang Beach, Nha Trang 

The Nha Trang beach is located around a beach resort city and has a six-kilometer stretch of pure bliss. Because of this, you can enjoy the sightseeing while your dog soaks his paws in the powdery sand.

Honestly, this is the most beautiful bay in all of Vietnam, and the beach serves as the connection to numerous islands. However, you should be very careful about going in the water if you aren’t a seasoned swimmer since it’s very deep.

Overall, dogs love the Nha Trang beach and atmosphere it embodies. However, since it’s a very busy beach, your dog will need to wear a muzzle and be leashed at all times.

Pet Friendly Ly Son BeachLy Son Beach, Quang Ngai 

Ly Son is an island situated 2 hours from the mainland, and it offers peace and quiet with untouched nature. However, if you or your pooch suffer from sea sickness, taking a pill before the ferry ride is a must.

Besides the beaches, you can take your dog for a hike or rent a bike and explore the serene surroundings. Additionally, the Thoi Loi Peak offers a magnificent view of crystal blue sea and coral ridges.

Lastly, your dog will appreciate no specific rules and enjoy getting into the sea without a leash or a muzzle. Plus, the parking is free.

Pet Friendly Phu Quoc BeachLong Beach, Phu Quoc Island 

Phu Quoc is the largest island situated in southern Vietnam, and it’s famous for a dog breed called Phu Quoc Ridgeback. This breed has a ridge hair that grows in the opposite direction of the rest of its coat, and it is a fun thing to see.

Your dog will love exploring the national forest, and the yellow sandy beaches without any restraints. But, you will have to pay some attention while in or close to the water as the island experiences some problems with trash.

Still, the water is lovely, the sand is soft, and the topography of the island gives you an opportunity for endless hikes and activities. During these hikes, your dog will love sniffing around, and when they get tired, there is no shortage of places to lie down.

Pet Friendly My Khe BeachMy Khe Beach, Da Nang Province 

Since the My Khe beach is very long and wide, it offers plenty of opportunities for a relaxing day with your dog. The beach is open 24/7, and there’s no shortage of space if you want to watch the sunset with your pooch.

Once you are rested and relaxed, you can take your pup for a run near the water line with the muzzle on. If a muzzle stresses your dog, you can opt for a leash.

Additionally, this beach offers amenities like showers which is a great thing for when you have a pooch that is covered in sand. Plus, parking is also available, and it only costs .01$.

Pet Friendly Mui Ne BeachMui Ne Beach, Phan Thiet Province 

The Mui Ne beach is a long stretch of sand that was once deserted and is now becoming full of beach resorts. However, it’s still unfamiliar to tourists and can be a great getaway for people and pooches alike.

If you want to relax and spend time with your dog, this pet friendly beach is great because it isn’t a very urban place. In fact, pooches can be taken to the beach without a leash and are allowed to explore everything in sight.

More importantly, the nature around this beach is lovely and gives you a chance to take a hike or check volcanic waterfalls. Also, the parking is free. However, make sure to bring water since there’s a shortage of fountains.

No matter where you travel with your dog, we advise that you bring his favorite dog food with you. Some dogs experience intestinal upset from the local cuisine, so bringing your own will ensure a happy vacation for everyone.

These five beaches don’t have strict dog policies, and it would be a shame not to visit them while you’re in Vietnam. When present, rules and regulations are there to ensure the safety of your dog and other travelers, so do your best to follow them.

Find pet passport information for transporting your dog to Vietnam.

How to Crate Train Your Puppy for Travel

How to Crate Train Your Puppy for Travel
Traveling with a new puppy can be an exciting experience, but it’s important to have them settled in and ready prepared before you go. If flying, all dogs and cats must travel in IATA-compliant pet crates or carriers. It is always recommended to restrain your pet when driving, not only for its safety but for the safety of the driver and passengers as well.

Crate training your puppy can help give it a space of its own and will let them feel safe when traveling and also secure in a new location.

Puppies will naturally try to find a space for themselves that’s secure and enclosed, where they can rest and feel safe. Crate training a puppy can help to meet that need by giving your puppy their own private area, as well as letting you establish boundaries early on.

Why Crate Train Your Puppy

Crate training is a popular method for many reasons:

  • Makes travelling with your puppy easier
  • Encourages good behaviour
  • Affordable and easy for your puppy to understand
  • Helps your puppy settle into a new location
  • Keeps your puppy safe when unsupervised or when you have visitors
  • Reassures your dog that they are behaving well
  • Can help your puppy feel safe during storms

Training Your Puppy

Crate training a puppy takes time and patience, but by going slowly, your puppy should become gradually more comfortable with staying in the crate. It’s important to make crate training a positive experience for your puppy. Giving them treats for going to the crate and staying inside can reward and encourage their behaviour. Making the crate comfortable and throwing in some toys and a “used” t-shirt with your scent on it, can also help to make it an appealing space. Be sure and keep the door open until your puppy has used the crate for several weeks.

Crate Train a PuppyYou can try playing some fun games with your puppy using the crate. This will let them know that the crate isn’t just for being left alone in but can also be a different type of space. Bringing your puppy away from loud environments to the crate can also help them to associate the crate as a peaceful and relaxing space.

Once your puppy is familiar with the crate you can start slowly increasing the time they spend inside, making sure to give plenty of treats for good behavour. Eventually you can have them spend a night sleeping in the crate, but be prepared to let them out to pee first thing in the morning. As a general rule, puppies can hold themselves for up to one hour for every month of age, although play and excitement can reduce this time.

Choosing a Crate

Your dog’s size is one of the most important considerations when selecting a crate. The ideal crate size is small enough that your pet won’t urinate in it but large enough so that they can stand up and comfortably turn around. When buying a crate for your puppy, make sure to purchase one that will accommodate its size when it’s fully-grown. While they’re growing you can reduce the space inside the crate by adding a divider.

Travel crates are great option for training your puppy, as they will eventually become comfortable with the crate and won’t be as worried when it is used for travel.

The ideal location for your dog’s crate while training is in a room where your family spends a lot of time together, such as the kitchen or living room. You can also shift it to your bedroom when you go to sleep at night.

What Not to Do

It’s important to never use the crate as punishment, as you want it to become known as a positive place. If your dog associates the crate with a bad experience they will avoid it as much as possible.

Remember not to leave your dog in their crate for longer than necessary. They’re social animals and need breaks to stretch their legs. Plan to let your dog out for several bathroom breaks during the day as well as during play and feeding times.

While crate training can help your puppy adjust to travelling, it’s not a fix for issues like barking or separation anxiety. If your puppy experiences these issues, it’s important not to rely on crate training as a solution and instead consult a professional dog behaviourist.

Crate training can be a great method for encouraging good behaviour as well as protecting your pet. With the right preparation and a little persistence, your pet’s crate can become their favourite place.

Daniel Defendi is a writer and blogger from Perth, Western Australia. You can catch him on Google+ to discuss this piece.

Tips for Traveling with a Disabled Pet

Airline pet policies can be difficult enough to navigate when you’re simply traveling with a pet, so traveling with a disabled pet often poses even further complications that require extensive knowledge, research, and paperwork. Recent pet-related airline controversies have centered on disabled individuals that attempt to board a plane with a support animal. But, what happens when the shoe is on the other foot and you’re a pet owner traveling with an animal that has accessibility issues?

Fortunately, while there are still numerous considerations and restrictions, there are also many resources available for making traveling easier for disabled pets.

1. Invest in mobility products. Pet wheelchairs and harnesses make getting around easier than ever for your four-legged friends. They come in different sizes, meaning you can find just the right fit for your pet and don’t have to worry about carrying them around along with your other baggage. Just let their wheels do the work! These are primarily useful for road trips or ground travel with pets and may not exactly be of use for airline travel, but are nonetheless a must-have. What’s more, they help your pet experience all the travel-related adventures they can without worrying about physical drawbacks. They can explore rough terrains, accompany you on hikes, and do more with less effort.

2. Get a larger soft-sided carrier for traveling with your disabled pet. Pets traveling on domestic flights can fly in-cabin, but are usually required to be kept in pet carriers. If your dog has a disability, you’ll want to get them a maximum-sized soft carrier. Hard-sided carriers are restricting, and disabled animals need room to splay out and relax their ailing limbs. While there are varying size restrictions for carriers based on airline (Southwest, for example, does not allow carriers larger than 18.5” x 8.5” x 13.5”), you’ll want to see if you can stick to the maximum size restrictions. Much like flying in Economy class can be space-inhibiting for humans, restricting carriers can cause severe distress for handicapped pets.

3. Confirm their veterinary health. Notify your veterinarian if you plan to travel with a disabled animal, and make sure to get an expert opinion on whether or not this travel will be possible through the issuance of a health certificate. If your pet’s condition is severe, extended travel could cause them serious distress. Additionally, you’ll want to make sure your pet is fully-vaccinated, as most airlines will not allow pets on board without this. Your vet may also be able to prescribe a supplement, such as melatonin or other relaxants/pain killers, to calm your disabled pet during the flight and ensure the overall experience is pain-free.

4. Call your airline and find the right means of travel. Notify the airline of your pet’s size, breed, and condition. This way, they can inform you whether they’re eligible for in-cabin travel (and under what circumstances) or if it’s best they be boarded as accompanied checked baggage or air cargo and sent to the destination through a third-party shipper. Larger dogs may sometimes be boarded as live animal cargo, and professional pet shippers are expertly trained in finding airlines that allow this, helping you compile the necessary paperwork, and ensuring the pets are as comfortable as possible. Pet-shippers are specifically trained to work with pets and understand the stress that moving/traveling can cause on their psyche. Many will even track your pet’s flight, arrange for the shortest layovers possible, and transport your pet to/from the airport. Note, however, that as larger dogs must fly as cargo, they fly unaccompanied and therefore must not require too much medical attention. That being said, this area is typically temperature-controlled and pressurized for optimal comfort. Lastly, your pet will need to be removed from its crate or carrier when clearing security (for in-cabin travel) or checking in as cargo, so you will need to be prepared to do this if your pet has physical restrictions. Using a professional pet shipping service is one of the best options for international travel, and organizations like the International Pet and Animal Transportation Association can help owners find the best provider for their situation.

5. Reconsider traveling with your disabled pet. If your pet’s disability/ailment is at an advanced stage and they experience frequent discomfort, you may want to just leave them at home. Remember also that if your pet requires any medication or attention in-flight, this cannot be administered while they fly as cargo. Unless it’s a long-term or permanent relocation, finding a pet-sitter may be a more cost-effective and comfortable option for your pet. Sure, it’s wonderful to bring our pets on vacation with us and we want them to explore new places as much as we do, but mobility issues in a pet may make this more of a task than a pleasure for them. Your pet’s desire to explore new places should be honored within reasonable means. Maybe you can’t take them on your overseas trip, but that shouldn’t stop you from equipping them with a high-quality wheelchair and hitting the road with them in your passenger seat. Modern advancements and the ever-growing market of pet products allow disabled pets to get as much satisfaction out of life as able-bodied ones. As their owner and favorite companion, you’ll find this satisfaction is, in fact, a two-way street.

Ellie Batchiyska is a writer for Handicapped Pets, your most trusted source for pet wheelchairs, harnesses, and back braces.

Best Dog Walks in Baltimore

Throughout the Baltimore area, dogs are welcome to take a hike with their favorite humans. In the city and within an hour’s drive are all the fun places a dog could dream of for outdoor fun. Whether you live in the region or are visiting, here are some of the best hiking choices.

Photo Credit: Kurt Jacobson

Baltimore Inner City

Best Dog Walks in Baltimore - Inner City

Starting at Boston St. and South East Street is where you’ll find Canton Waterfront Park that makes for an excellent starting place. After parking, take in the big views of the Inner Harbor as you walk towards the water’s edge. A well-marked path leads you towards the city skyline to start your hike. Of course, Fido will want to sniff and leave messages for the other canines in the area. This park has plenty of grass for such doggy actions. From this spot, you can walk all the way to the Rusty Scupper on one of America’s best harbor pathways. Along the way, some restaurants put out water bowls for dogs to quench their thirst. If you walk all the way to the Rusty Scupper, consider hiking up to Federal Hill and get a view of Baltimore’s skyline from the top of this historic mound. If you don’t want to walk all the way back the Water Taxi runs from the Domino Sugar site back to Canton Waterfront Park.

Best Dog Walks in Baltimore - Gunther and Company

After your walk, if it’s the second Tuesday of the month, Gunther & Company throws a party for dogs and their owners called Yappier Hour. Even if you miss this event, the deck is open for well-behaved dogs and their thirsty humans most of the year. Gunther & Company is just a few short blocks from Canton Waterfront Park.


Best Dog Walks in Baltimore - Inner Harbor Trail

A bit farther on the Inner Harbor Trail is one of the most historic dog walks. Even though the trail ends past the Rusty Scupper, you could either continue walking on safe sidewalks to Fort McHenry or drive there. The path around the fort is perfect for a shorter dog walk of about a half mile (0.8 km). There is also plenty of grassy lawn areas to take a step on the soft side. Smaller dogs that don’t have the endurance for a long walk so take a break at this historic site where a significant battle took place during the war of 1812.

Patterson Park is located in the Highlands neighborhood of Baltimore. On days when the weather is fine, there’s always plenty of happy dogs wagging tails at a chance to bark in the park. A hike up the hill to the Pagoda tower delivers a healthy walk and excellent views. Circumnavigate the park for the longest walk enjoying a look at one of Baltimore’s best-known working-class neighborhoods.

Best Dog Walks in Baltimore - Lake Roland Park

Lake Roland Park is north of downtown Baltimore and has several trails for you and man’s best friend. Take Jones Falls Road to Lakeside Drive and find a parking place. Head towards the lake and cross over the stream then head up past Paw Point Dog Park. This dog park is popular with locals and requires submitting an application and payment for membership. Don’t worry if you aren’t a member; you can still walk your dog in and around Lake Roland Park on several miles of trails in the woods and beyond. There are places where your dog can wade in the stream on hot days.

Best Dog Walks in Baltimore - NCR Trail

Take a drive north on York Road towards Cockeysville where the NCR Trail caters to hikers, bikers, and dog walkers all year long. The NCR is one of the best trails in Maryland offering miles of riverside beauty. There are several ways to get to the NCR Trail. If you’re driving north from Baltimore City on York Road, take a right turn on Ashland Road which becomes Paper Mill Road and look for the trailhead parking lot on the left. This lot is one of many NCR Trail parking areas. This old railway route was converted into a hiking trail with help from the Rails To Trails organization. The NCR Trail can be quite busy on weekends during summer as city residents find the shaded trial a respite from the heat and humidity of Baltimore. As long as you can find a place to park the crowds are well spread out, and it’s easy to enjoy the NCR Trail on even the busiest days.

Several places on the NCR Trail further north offer wading and tubing in the Little Gunpowder River. This scenic trail goes all the way to the Pennsylvania state line, a distance of 19.5 miles (31.3 km). Even though there are a few places along the path to get water, it’s best to pack some of your own if you aren’t familiar with the safe drinking spots. The old Monkton train station has a drinking fountain with a dog water bowl at its base, as does the Paper Mill Road parking area. Note that these watering stations are only functional in warm weather months.

Also north of Baltimore City find the Gunpowder Falls Trail in Perry Hall. This favorite trail is located just before reaching Kingsville. Take Belair Road north until you cross the Gunpowder River, and turn right into the parking area. If this parking area is full, and it often is on weekends in warm weather, park off of Belair Road like the locals do and walk to the parking lot to access the trail. Here on the Gunpowder River you and Fido will find several safe places to enter the water, and most agree the water is safe for dogs to drink. If you head upstream and hike for about 20 minutes, you’ll come to a spot where a smaller trail follows the river to a deep spot with a little waterfall. The waterfall area is a fun place for you and your pooch to take a dip in the fresh waters of the Gunpowder Falls. A word of caution is in order; there are snakes occasionally seen on the trail, but the chances are remote that the snake is poisonous.

For all of these walks, it’s recommended to bring poo pickup bags to keep the trails clean and fun for everyone. Looking for a day trip out with your best friend? Check out Trip101’s top day trips from Baltimore, or accommodation reviews, hotels and vacation rentals.

Kurt Jacobson is a travel writer for Trip101, a one-stop guide for travel enthusiasts around the world. He is a former chef traveling the world in search of great food, interesting people, fine wine, nature, fishing and skiing. New Zealand, Japan and Europe are his favorite international destinations. He has visited all 50 US states and constantly explores hidden gems. When not writing on his blog, or Trip101.com he posts to Facebook, and Twitter often.

Emotional Support and Service Animals – Airline Policies and How They are Changing

emotional support dog on airplane


Airline pet policies on flying with emotional support and service animals are changing, and now the Department of Transportation (DOT) is considering changes to the Airline Carrier Access Act (ACAA) and its
implementing regulation, 14 CFR Part 382 (Part 382) in order to address the issues that airlines have recently been facing – lack of training, the use of false credentials and the variety of animal species whose owners claim protection under this legislation.

During the process of collecting public comment, DOT has permitted the airlines to specify what type of animals they will allow as emotional support animals and those they will not. An airline  group, Airlines for America, is suggesting that service animals be defined as “trained dogs that perform a task or work for an individual with a disability,” which would eliminate untrained emotional support animals from flying under the ACAA.

Some of the other changes that are being considered include policies that would distinguish between different types of animals, whether or not that they will need to travel in pet carriers, whether to limit the number of animals allowed per passenger, and whether to require all service animals have been trained to behave in a public setting.

Currently, Title 14 Code of Federal Aviation Regulations § 382.117 dictates that the airline “must permit the service animal to accompany the passenger with a disability at any seat in which the passenger sits, unless the animal obstructs an aisle or other area that must remain unobstructed to facilitate an emergency evacuation.” Airlines may choose not to transport service and emotional support animals that are not socialized and trained to behave properly in close surroundings. Pet owners are expected to control their animals at all times when flying.

What is unclear is the species of the animal protected by this legislation, the type of disability, and the amount of information that must be disclosed to the airlines. Because of these gray areas, many of these protections have been extended to those who may not not truly qualify for them.

UPDATE: August 8, 2019
The Department of Transportation has issued a clarification to the ACAA in response to airline restrictions made for ESAs. The DOT rulings addressed the following points; 

  • Airlines cannot discriminate against certain breeds of ESAs (as Delta did against Pit Bulls)
  • Airlines cannot dictate the duration of the flight that ESAs would be allowed. 
  • Airlines must allow up to 3 assistance animals per passenger, however they can limit the number of ESAs to one. 
  • Airlines must allow miniature horses as service animals on their flights. (This is not a new rule.)

Later this year (2019), the Department of Transportation plans to issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on service (and emotional support) animals. The NPRM would address the definition of a service animal and include safeguards to ensure safety for other passengers and flight crews. Additionally, the changes would reduce the likelihood that passengers traveling with their pets on aircraft will not be able to falsely claim their pets are service or emotional support animals when they are not. More information on this to come.

UPDATE: January 22, 2020
The Department of Transportation has issued a Notice of Rulemaking Change (NRMC) regarding several amendments to the Airline Carrier Access Act. The first would be to align the definition of a service animal to that defined in the Americans with Disabilities Act which is published by the Department of Justice (DOJ) which specifies a service animal as a dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of a qualified individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. 

Additionally, the amendment will require that all passengers flying with service dogs submit forms developed by DOT in advance of travel which will reflect pre-training and socialization. All service animals will need to be “harnessed, leashed or otherwise tethered.” Larger service animals and effects to in-cabin operations and the safety and welfare of other passengers and the crew will be considered as well as who is responsible for the damage they may cause to the aircraft. More information on the NRMC. 

For the purposes of this post, service animals are defined as animals who have been trained to assist physically disabled passengers suffering from mobility issues, visual impairments, seizures, hearing issues, issues resulting from diabeties or other physical issues. Emotional support animals are those who assist passengers with emotional, psychiatric, cognitive or psychological disabilities and have not received specialized training.

On all airlines, service animals should be fully trained, clearly identified and leashed or harnessed. They will sit at their handler’s feet without protruding into the aisle or causing other safety concerns. Service animals in training may or may not be accepted by an airline under these regulations. Trained service dogs accompanied by their trainers and being delivered to their owners also may or may not fall under these regulations depending on airline policies. Therapy animals, rescue dogs and dogs providing immigration services such as drug or bomb detection are not accepted under these regulations.

Emotional support animals are permitted to sit in their owner’s laps if small enough not to touch any part of the seat and do not interfere or prevent other passengers from using seat amentities. They should be socialized and trained to behave around other people and pets, especially in small confines. Their owners should travel with proper documentation clearly identifying their licensed physician or medical professional, stating that they have a documented condition listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders that necessitates that their pet travel with them and dated within a year of flight departure.

In both cases, animals are not permitted to sit in exit row seats. They are not permitted to fly in the seat next to their owner. They are not permitted to sit on the tray table. Owners should be prepared to demonstrate that they are prepared to handle the service/emotional support animal’s hygienic needs on flights over 8 hours in duration. Some airlines will require that a sanitation form is completed prior to travel.

Additionally, notification must be provided and permission granted in advance for countries that require that all live animals arriving by air to arrive as checked baggage or air cargo in the hold of the aircraft. (United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, India, New Zealand and others)

It is also important to note that both service and emotional support animals are subject to the same requirements when flying internationally as other animals of their species. Owners should be prepared to present rabies and health certificates and all other documentation required by the airline or their destination country upon check-in.

Here are some of the new (and old) regulations regarding service and emotional support animals. For the most part, regulations concerning service dogs have not changed. Note that we will make every attempt to update this post when regulations change. We will also be adding addendums to this post with regulations from other airlines.

Delta Airlines

UPDATE:  The Department of Transportation has rejected Delta’s ban of Pit Bulls as service or emotional support animals as their regulations do not address specific dog breeds. Note that the airline may still reject any dog that shows aggressive behavior.

UPDATE: Delta will now allow ESAs on flights over 8 hours; however, Pit Bull breeds continue to be banned as emotional support animals.

Owners of trained service animals are encouraged but not required to provide a signed Veterinary Health Form and/or an immunization record (current within one year of the travel date) through a Service Animal Request form to the Support Desk via Delta.com at least 48 hours in advance of travel. As of December 18, 2018, puppies and kittens will not be accepted on Delta flights as service animals.

Owners of emotional support animals must submit an Emotional Support Psychiatric Service Animal Request form which requires a letter prepared and signed by a doctor or licensed mental health professional, and a signed Confirmation of Animal Training form to Delta’s Service Animal Support Desk via Delta.com at least 48 hours in advance of travel. Additionally, a copy of vaccination records may be provided in lieu of the Veterinary Health Form as long as the vaccination dates and veterinary office information are included.

Only one emotional support animal per passenger is permitted. Puppies and kittens under 4 months of age will not be accepted as emotional support animals. 

The following animals will not be accepted as trained service or emotional support animals: hedgehogs, ferrets, insects, rodents, snakes, spiders, sugar gliders, reptiles, amphibians, goats, non-household birds (farm poultry, waterfowl, game bird, & birds of prey), animals improperly cleaned and/or with a foul odor, or animals with tusks, horns or hooves.

United Airlines

United will accept service animals (cats, dogs and miniature horses only) in the cabin at no charge. No documentation is required; however, notice should be given as employees can provide any equipment you may need.

Emotional support animals must be over 4 months of age to be eligible to fly as an emotional support animal.  Cats and dogs are acceptable; however, other animals will be considered on a case by case basis. Owners of emotional support animals must submit documentation from a licensed medical/mental health professional, a Passenger Confirmation of Liability and Emotional Support/Psychiatric Service Animal Behavior and a veterinary health form completed by a licensed veterinarian at least 48 hours of travel. These forms must be submitted to the United Airlines Accessibility Desk by email (uaaeromed@united.com) including first departure date and the flight confirmation (a six-character alphanumeric code) in the subject line. Pet owners must retain the original forms in their possession while traveling and be prepared to present them to airline representatives if requested. United will be contacting your mental health care professional to validate the documentation.

American Airlines

Service animals are accepted on American Airlines flights at no charge.

After July 1, 2018, American Airlines will require that owners of emotional support animals must provide their Special Assistance Desk with a Mental Health Professional Form, Behavior Guideline Form, and an Animal Sanitation Form (only required if your flight is scheduled to be over 8 hours) at least 48 hours before their flight. All documentation will be verified.

Effective April 1, 2019, American Airlines will only allow only one service or emotional support dog or cat per passenger. They will allow miniature horses in addition to dogs and cats as service animals. All service and emotional support animals must be a minimum of 4 months of age and fully vaccinated for rabies.

The following animals and birds will not be accepted as service or emotional support animals on American Airlines’ flights: amphibians, ferrets, goats, hedgehogs, insects, reptiles, rodents, snakes, spiders, sugar gliders, non-household birds (farm poultry, waterfowl, game birds, & birds of prey), animals with tusks, horns or hooves (excluding miniature horses properly trained as service animals) or any animal that is dirty or has an odor.

Air France

Guide (service) dogs are accepted as long as they are clearly marked and remain leashed. Notification 48 hours in advance is required.

Air France will require that owners of emotional support animals provide notification at least 48 hours in advance by providing a medical certificate that is less than a year old. This certificate must be provided by a mental health specialist and attest that you have regular check-ups and need to be with your dog at all times. Air France will not accept dog breeds known as dangerous as service or emotional support dogs.


Service dogs (guide dogs, hearing dogs, diabetic alert dogs, seizure alert dogs) can fly in the cabin with their handlers on all flights that Lufthansa operates.  For flights outside of the United States, a training certificate from a recognized training institute should be submitted in advance to the Lufthansa Medical Operation Centre via email or the Lufthansa Service Center. You will receive notice of approval from Lufthansa. 

Lufthansa will only recognize emotional support dogs and only on flights to or from the United States. That means that, if you have a layover in a country other than the United States on your itinerary, your dog must fly the leg that does not involve the United States in a carrier in the cabin or in the cargo hold as checked baggage for a fee.

Within 48 hours of flight departure, your service or emotional support dog must be registered with the centers referenced above and a medical certificate issued by a licensed physician confirming the need for you to be accompanied by an emotional support dog must be presented. You will receive notification of approval from Lufthansa. Two copies of this form must be presented at check-in.

Air Canada

All service dogs must be accompanied with an identification or card or other written document and be clearly identified. Notification must be provided a minimum of 48 hours prior to departure.

Emotional support dogs are recognized on flights to or from the United States and also flights with an Air-Canada operated flight through a US-based airline. Documentation for emotional support dogs must be provided to Air Canada reservations a minimum of 48 hours prior to departure and must include an original letter dated within the past year on the letterhead of a licensed mental health professional treating the passenger’s mental or emotional disability recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Your professional’s license information must also be provided.

British Airways

All service dogs must have been trained to assist a disabled person and certified by an organization that is a member of Assistance Dogs International or International Guide Dog Federation. Notification should be provided at least 7 days in advance. British Airways does not recognize emotional support animals.


Emirates will transport guide dogs for the blind in the cabin free of charge. Forty eight hour notice must be provided when traveling with a guide dog. Emotional support animals are not recognized.


Beginning July 1, 2018, required documentation for emotional support animals must be provided to JetBlue at least 48 hours prior to departure. This documentation will include: Medical/Mental Health Professional form issued and signed by a medical or mental health professional, Veterinary Health form completed and signed by your veterinarian and
Customer Confirmation of Emotional Support/Psychiatric Service Animal Behavior form completed by the pet owner.

Only one cat, dog or miniature horse is permitted per passenger.

Southwest Airlines emotional support policy

Southwest Airlines

Southwest Airlines will accept both service and emotional support animals in the cabin at no charge on domestic and international flights.

Dogs, cats and miniature horses who are trained to assist passengers with physical disability as well as dogs and cats who are trained to assist with mental disabilities are the only animals that will be accepted. As of September 17, 2018, other animals cannot be classified as either service or emotional support animals.

Passengers are encouraged to notify Southwest Airlines that they are flying with a service or emotional support animal. Owners should be prepared to produce evidence of their animal’s training when asked. ID cards and registry forms will not be accepted.

Emotional Support Animals Spirit AirlinesSpirit Airlines

Both service and emotional support animals are accepted on Spirit Airlines flights at no charge.

Owners of service animals may/will be asked about the service that the animal provides.

All service and emotional support animals must display good behavior. They must fly at their owner’s feet or, in the case of emotional support animals, in their lap as long as they do not interfere with cabin operations. If the animal is larger, the passenger may purchase an extra seat to accommodate for their pet’s size.

Owners of emotional support animals must have 3 forms completed and filed electronically a minimum of 48 hours ahead of departure for every flight taken on Spirit Airlines. More details on Spirit Airlines service and emotional support animals.

The following animals are not accepted as emotional support animals: snakes or other reptiles, ferrets, sugar gliders or spiders.

Allegiant Airlines

Allegiant will permit trained service dogs in the cabin free of charge. They provide identification cards, tags, or other written documentation; harnesses or markings on harnesses or the credible verbal assurances of the individual with a disability using the animal. Owners will also need to submit a Veterinary Health Form at check in.

Within 1 hour of departure, the following documentation must be provided to an Allegiant agent for emotional support animals: Veterinary Health Form, Mental Health Veterinary Form and a Animal Behavior and Responsibility Form. Download forms here.

All service and emotional support animals must fly either at their passenger’s feet without interfering with cabin operations or other passengers. Emotional support animals can also fly in their owner’s lap (if less than 30 lbs) or also in a carrier that will fit under the seat in front of them. Max: 9”H x 16”W x 19”D.

Swiss Airlines

Swiss Airlines will only permit emotional support animals on flights originating or terminating in the United States. For flights outside of the United States, ESAs may fly in-cabin if size permits or in the cargo hold at standard charges.

TAP Portugal

TAP Portugal Airlines

TAP Portugal Airlines accepts guide and emotional support dogs flying in the cabin with their owners at no charge. In either case, notification must be provided to TAP Portugal’s Service Center.

Guide dogs must be properly identified as service animals and with documented evidence that they have been officially trained and certified.

On flights to and from the United States, emotional assistance dogs weighing more than 8kg are accepted in the cabin. The maximum recommended weight and size is 40kg and 62cm in height (from the ground to the withers).

For flights outside of the United States, all emotional assistance dogs must fly in airline-compliant pet carriers and must not weigh more than 8 kg (17 lbs) including the weight of carrier. The carrier dimensions may not exceed 40 cm in length, 33 cm width and 17 cm height. (15 in x 12 in x 6 in) Soft-sided carriers are recommended to meet height requirements.

Owners of emotional assistance dogs must email this form to: medical.cases@tap.pt
or fax to (+351) 218 ​​416 540.



KLM will allow both guide and emotional support dogs to fly in the cabin at no charge. Other animals will be considered upon request; however, reptiles, livestock and insects will not be permitted. All animals must be leashed and guide dogs should be wear a harness or vest.

Owners of guide dogs need to submit this form to KLM prior to departure and bring original document with them.All guide and emotional support dogs must be presented at the check-in desk on the day of travel.

Owners of emotional support dogs must submit this form to KLM at least 48 hours prior to departure. A signed declaration from your physician or medical professional is required. The declaration should state that the passenger has a mental health-related disability listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV); that having the dog accompany the passenger is necessary to the passenger’s mental health or treatment, that the individual providing the assessment of the passenger is a recognized mental health care provider and the passenger is under his or her professional care, and the date and type of the health care provider’s registration and the state or other jurisdiction in which it was issued.

KLM Cares can be contacted via phone, Whatsapp or other social media outlets for pre-travel notification.

Singapore Airlines service and emotional support policySingapore Airlines

Singapore Airlines will allow service and emotional support dogs to fly in the cabin at no charge on all flights where destination countries will allow pets to enter in the cabin. Dogs must fly at your feet without affecting cabin operations. Muzzles and leashes are not required but should be available.

All service dogs should be marked with a vest or harness or other items such as an identification card identifying it as a service dog.

If your dog is an emotional support animal, you must carry documentation on the letterhead of a licensed medical professional dated within the past year supporting the need for your ESA.

No dogs included in Singapore Airlines’ banned breed list (see step #6) will be accepted as service or emotional support animals.

Owners of service and emotional support animals should contact Singapore Airlines at least 2 weeks prior to departure.



Aeroflot will permit guide dogs assisting physically disabled passengers to fly in the cabin at no charge. The passenger must present a proof of disability and a document certifying the dog’s training. If the working dog is a member of the Federal Executive Authority Canine Service, the passenger accompanying the dog must present a document certifying the special training of the working dog as well as a document proving that the passenger transporting the working dog is an employee of the Federal Executive Authority Canine Service.

Emotional support animals are not recognized.

Alaska AirlinesAlaska Airlines

Alaska Airlines will accept your service and emotional support animal without charge.

Passengers should inform the customer service representative when arriving at the airport that they are flying with a service animal. Service animals must fly at their handler’s feet and behave appropriately. Dogs, cats and miniature horses are accepted as service animals.

Owners of emotional support animals must submit 3 forms to Alaska Airlines at least 48 hours before travel: Animal Health Advisory Form, Mental Health Form and Animal Behavior Form.

Emotional support animals must be leashed or travel in an airline-compliant pet carrier, behave properly, be contained to the owner’s seat and not interfere with the adjacent passenger. Dogs and cats are accepted as emotional support animals. One animal per passenger.

Only service dogs and only cats and dogs can be transported as service or emotional support animals to Hawaii.

The following animals are not accepted as emotional support animals: Amphibians,Hedgehogs, Ferrets, Goats, Insects, Reptiles, Rodents, Snakes, Spiders, Sugar gliders, Non-household birds (farm poultry, waterfowl, game birds, and birds of prey), Animals improperly cleaned and/or foul odor, Animals with tusks, horns, or hooves (except miniature horses that are trained to behave appropriately), any unusual or exotic animals.

Service animals being delivered to their new owner are accepted at no charge on domestic flights within the United States. Documentation must be available that training was successfully completed and they must be traveling with their trainer.

Frontier Airlines LogoFrontier

Service animals are welcome to fly on Frontier Airlines flights without charge. The only animals that will be accepted as emotional support animals are dogs and cats. One ESA is permitted per passenger. Most behave appropriately around other animals and passengers and be under control of owner at all times. A Medical/Mental Health Professional Form and an Animal Behavior Acknowledgment Form must be completed and uploaded here more than 48 hours of travel. Owners should carry copies of submitted documentation with them.

Turkish Airlines

Turkish Airlines will fly both service and emotional support animals free of charge.

Service dogs must be marked as such and have proof of training and certification. 

ESAs are only accepted on flights to or from Istanbul and the United States. All ESAs that will be connecting to other flights in IST must have pet carriers or crates when boarding the initial flight and will be subject to fees imposed on other animals on flights which do not terminate or originate in the United States.

A minimum of 48 hours prior to departure, owners of ESAs must submit official documentation in English (or translated to English) on a letterhead of a licensed mental health professional who is treating the passenger’s mental or emotional disability. The document must be dated within one year from departure of the initial flight. This document shall state that the passenger has a DSM 4 or DSM 5 disability according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, why the passenger needs the ESA and that the passenger is under the care of a licensed medical professional. The license number and State where the license is issued must also be included.

In the case of either a service dog or an ESA, all dogs must be leashed and fly at their owner’s feet. No pets are allowed to fly on a seat. A muzzle must be available should any aggressiveness be displayed. On flights over 8 hours, owners must be able to provide written instructions regarding how they have prepared for their dog to relieve itself.  Owners also are responsible for any damage caused to the aircraft by their service animal. 

All rabies vaccination certificates and documentation from exporting and importing countries must be available at check-in.

Vueling Airlnes LogoVueling Airlines

Vueling Airlines only recognizes assistance animals trained to serve special needs. Certification of training must be provided to staff at check-in. Dogs must be at least 3 months old. Dogs must have proof of rabies vaccination no sooner than 3 months of age and more than 30 days prior to travel.

If your airline is not listed above, you can contact us at info@pettravel.com with any questions.


The Best Dog Friendly City in the UK: Brighton Rocks!

Brighton Rocks! The Best Dog Friendly City In the United Kingdom

Best Dog Friendly City - BrightonA study completed in 2017 by National Pet Owners indicates that there are 85 million homes in the United States where a pet is a family member. This is an increase of 56% since the survey was first conducted in 1988. By far, the most popular of pets are dogs with 60.2 million and followed by cats who make up 47.1 million of the US pet population.

Precise figures for the number of owners taking pets on vacation are not available; but a survey conducted by TripAdvisor found that 53% of those surveyed travel with their pets. The cost of boarding, and the stress for both animal and owner from being apart for several weeks, means there are more pets being taken on vacationwith their families.

If you are looking to travel abroad with your four-legged friend, and you are considering the United Kingdom, then look no further than Brighton for your vacation. It is a great location in the south-east of England and has been voted the top dog friendly city a number of times. It is worthwhile planning your trip well in advance as there are a number of important things to do before you fly with your dog.

Things to consider before travel
Just one hour away from world famous London, one of the top ten cities globally, Brighton is smaller and quieter, and the perfect destination for dog lovers. One of the things that makes Brighton an attractive place to consider is that it is much easier to bring pets to the UK, with no extensive quarantine restrictions to overcome. Preparation is the key and you should allow at least four months prior to your vacation if you are entering from a high-rabies country.

You will be required to ensure your dog, cat or ferret has been microchipped, had a rabies vaccination and a blood test to prove vaccination has been successful (high-rabies countries only); a completed EU Health Certificate or EU Pet Passport (EU resident dogs) that must be completed by your vet; and, tapeworm treatment for dogs that must be completed between one and five days before entering the UK by a licensed veterinarian. It is also advisable to check that your carrier is airline-compliant as your dog must enter the UK as air cargo if it is flying.

Dog friendly accommodations in Brighton
There are many splendid places to take your dog on holiday in the UK such as the Lake District and the Cotswolds, with wide open spaces and plenty of walking routes. Brighton has been consistently voted as one of the top cities in the UK to take your pet. Why?
Because there is an abundance of accommodations that welcome both pet owners and their dogs in Brighton. And, with such an enormous selection of places to stay on vacation, the choices are wide and varied with something for everyone. From the Tudor/Gothic Hotel du Vin & Bistro nestled in Brighton’s oldest part of town and just a stone’s throw away from the picturesque promenade; to the Victorian five star The Grand Brighton with its prime sea view location and interior splendor this makes a fine place to vacation with your pooch.

Spending quality time with your dog
What attracts many dog lovers to Brighton is the access to the wonderful beaches. There is nothing quite like fresh salty sea air to revitalise and refresh mind and body. And nothing better than doing this with your four-legged friend.

Dogs are allowed on the main Brighton beach from October through to April. During the summer months there are restrictions but there are lots of other beaches available like the West Marina Wall and Rottingdean slope are summertime dog-friendly, as are the beaches between the west of the Brighton Marina and up to Volks Railway Aquarium station, the beach opposite Holland Road, the beach to the west of the King Alfred Park and the beach opposite Berridale/Welback.

And for solo travelers, Brighton also boasts the most dog meetup groups than any other city in the UK so socializing with other dog walkers could not be easier.

Spending your valuable vacation time with your dog can be rewarding for you both. Travel beyond the United States can be daunting; but as long as it planned well, this should not present a barrier. If England is your preferred destination then Brighton offers the perfection location with a huge number of places to eat and sleep, and where both you and your dog will be warmly welcomed.

Jane Sandwood is a freelance writer and editor who spent over a decade in the tourism industry.