Traveling with Snub-Nosed Dogs or Cats

Snub-nosed pets need special care when travelingTraveling with a snub-nosed pet, whether in the car or in an airplane, can bring added risks that owners of these breeds should know about. These risks have brought on restrictions from many commercial airlines due to the number of snub-nosed dogs involved in incidents when flying in the cargo hold.

Which breeds are affected?

All snub-nosed or flat-faced breeds suffer with some degree of Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS). This is a condition that results from the foreshortening of the facial skeleton which is a mutation that is present in and required for the selective breeding of many dog breeds. The American Kennel Club identified the following breeds as being snub-nosed early on: Bulldogs, French Bulldogs, Pekingese, Pugs, Griffon Bruxellois, Japanese Chin, Boston Terrier and Shih Tzu. Of these breeds, Pugs, French Bulldogs and Bulldogs have been found to be most at risk from BOAS.

As studies on breeds with BOAS have become prevalent, other breeds have been identified to be at more moderate risk such as the Affenpinscher, Chow Chow, Lhasa Apso, Shar Pei, Tibetan Spaniel, Rottweiler, Staffordshire Terrier and Pomeranian, and many commercial airlines have also banned them from the cargo hold.

Affected cat breeds are Persian, Himalayan and Exotic Shorthair, as well as Netherlands Dwarf and Lionhead rabbits.

Why do we love them?

Why are these breeds so attractive to pet owners? Perhaps the flattened face takes on more human-like appearance? The bulging eyes that some breeds exhibit are more expressive? The snores remind us of our sleeping habits? Whatever the reason, snub-nosed breeds are in high demand, especially the French Bulldog which just took the place of the Labrador and the most popular breed.

Why is traveling risky for snub-nosed breeds and their crosses?

Because the length of the muzzle is so short in snub-nosed breeds, soft tissue blocks the airways in the nose and throat impeding airflow in dogs or cats at a young age and progressively worsens as the pet ages. Additionally, the condition is aggravated when the dog or cat is exercising or under stress as is the case when traveling. Increased respiratory efforts can lead to a collapse of the airway which is why owners of these breeds must take great care when transporting them.

A snub-nosed dog or cat will have a muzzle length less than half of its cranial length. This measurement is defined as the length from the occipital protuberance (crown of the head) to the stop (base, not tip, of the nose).

Generally, this condition is commonly but not exclusively accompanied by a thicker neck girth, nasal fold, wide chest, extended elbows, snorting, snoring and sleep apnea.

Studies have found that obesity will increase the degree that these breeds will suffer from BOAS. This is why it is really important to keep your pup at its ideal weight if it is to travel.

Crosses of these breeds can be similarly affected. Remember, it is not necessarily whether your pet is a purebred member of these breeds; it is the length of the muzzle and the presence of other snub-nosed characteristics that count.

What can owners of these breeds do to travel safely with their snub-nosed dogs and cats?

Obviously, ground transport is much safer than air transport for these breeds. If this is not possible, then consider the Queen Mary 2 if you need to get to Europe. If flying is the only alternative, then in-cabin is much preferred to cargo transport. If your snub-nosed dog or cat is too large to fly in the cabin and must fly in the cargo hold, then avoid summer months at all cost as higher temperatures increase the amount of breathing that your dog or cat must do to keep cool.

Hydration is incredibly important and can’t be stressed enough. Whether your snub-nosed dog or cat is traveling by car or in the air, it must have adequate hydration available to it.

If you are driving, keep the air conditioning running and the windows up so that the air in the vehicle is cool. Stop often and make sure to offer your pet water every time you stop.

If you are flying with your pet in the cabin, be sure and get a bottle of water after passing security and use a bottle top or ask for a glass of ice from the flight attendant. Try offering it to your pet by extending your hand in the carrier being sure not to let your pet escape.

If your pet is flying as air cargo, get the largest water bowl you can find to attach to the crate door, fill it with water the night before you leave and freeze it. You can find large pet crate water bowls by clicking here. You can also consider training your dog or cat to use a water bottle as well. Confirm that your airline will check your pet’s water bowl during layovers.

Be sure and plan ahead when you travel with a snub-nosed pet. Acclimating it to its carrier or crate will cause less stress on travel day and make it easier for both of you to enjoy your trip.

You can find more information about snub-nosed pet studies here.


Traveling with Snub-Nosed Dogs or Cats — 115 Comments

  1. Mono – although ANA flies your route non-stop, they do not allow pets in the cabin. Have you spoken to Air Canada? They may allow your Scottish Fold to fly in the cabin with you to LAX. If not, try United to SFO. Once in the states, you can fly with your cat in the cabin on all US-based airlines.
    Scottish Fold breeds are snub-nosed and should not fly in the cargo hold if possible.

  2. Hello. I have 4 years old Scottish fold and I’m moving to California from Japan. I’d be dead without him. I know air transport is not the best way but I can’t find any other way. Could you give me any advice? Would he be okay with 10 hours flight? I’m so worried and scared.
    Thank you.

  3. Steve – Qantas has indicated that their review will take 2-3 more weeks. They have also indicated the importance of tightening controls in order to accommodate snub-nosed dogs such as Frenchies.

  4. Hello,

    I hope you can help me. I’m not getting any answers and my anxiety has it the roof. I am due to move to Singapore from the UK this June and have been dealing with a pet agent to get my french bulldog transported on the same flight but she will have to go in Cargo. I will be moving for work and I can’t leave my baby behind. My pet agent told me two weeks ago that Qantas had put a 2 week ban on any bookings for flat faced dogs. Today is two weeks and I’ve not seen any updates on the internet. Do you know if this has been uplifted?

    I look forward to your response


  5. Louise – you may want to contact El Al and ask them whether your cat will be permitted to fly in the cabin on your specific route as they fly the route nonstop.

  6. MT – you can inquire with American and United about whether they will accept your ESA on this specific flight due to the duration of the flight. If duration is an issue, then fly to JFK, clear customs and continue on to LAX. Many of the foreign-flagged airlines that fly this route only accept dogs as ESAs.

  7. Hi hoping for advice! Need to fly my exotic short haired cat from Hong Kong to Israel. Want her in the cabin with me…already see that Cathay won’t take cats in the cabin. Any suggestions of airlines/routes would be appreciated!!!

  8. Hello,

    I have my Persian cat registered as an ESA. Which airline will fly it as carry-in from London to LAX? He is small ~4kg and the nose is kind of longer for a Persian.

  9. Serish – have you spoken to Turkish Airlines? They may fly your Persian in the cabin if it is small enough. They fly into Pakistan from Stockholm or Copenhagen. You can find requirements to import your Persian to Pakistan here:

    If you plan to return to the EU, it is a good idea to get your cat a rabies titer test according to steps 1-3 here before leaving the EU because you will need it to return to the EU. If you can get the results recorded in your cat’s EU Pet Passport, you do not need to get it done in Pakistan and wait for 3 months before returning to the EU.

  10. Hi!
    What airline can I fly with my persian cat if I will go to Pakistan from Stockholm or Copenhagen?

  11. LA – try Korean Airlines through Seoul. They may fly your Pug in the cabin if small enough, otherwise in the hold if temperatures are not an issue. They need to be under 27 degrees C.

  12. Latika – what cities will you be flying from and to? Air Canada flies nonstop between Mumbai and Toronto. You will need to confirm that they will allow your Shih Tzu in the cabin on this route because it is 16 hours.

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